Trees and shrubs must be protected from stock for at least the first three years, or they will be quickly eaten. This may be through fencing or the use of large and strong tree guards.

Shelterbelts must be fenced if they are to persist and give good shelter at all heights. This preserves the leaf litter at ground level and protects low leafy shoots. Generally, a shelterbelt fence requires a higher standard of construction to resist greater stock pressure because of the extra grass growth. All fencing should be completed before planting time.